Monitoring systemic risks

The Systemic Risk Council is among other things tasked to identify and monitor systemic financial risks. The Council's current assessment of risks is stated in press releases published after each meeting of the Council. The method used to monitor systemic risks is described in a published note.

Financial crises affect the overall economy and welfare. The most recent financial crisis was the crisis that developed into a systemic crisis in the autumn of 2008. Within a short period of time, large parts of the global financial system collapsed, and together with the ensuing uncertainty the crisis resulted in a considerable loss of welfare.

Systemic financial crises must be expected to occur on a regular basis in the future as well. To prevent or reduce systemic financial risks that may put pressure on all or parts of the economic development. The Council is tasked to monitor the financial system. This will imply general monitoring of the entire financial system, both in areas regulated by national or international legislation, and in areas which are less regulated today.

Monitoring systemic risks

Purpose of monitoring

Systemic risks build up during the years leading up to a financial crisis. They are the result of complex interactions between the financial system and the real economy.

It is important to identify systemic financial risks at an early stage so that initiatives can be taken to counter the build-up of such risks before they reach a level where it becomes impossible to avoid significant adverse effects on the financial system and the real economy.

 

Monitoring systemic risks

The Council's current assessment of risks

At every quarterly meeting of the Systemic Risk Council, the current development of systemic risks in Denmark is assessed. You can read a summary of the assessment in the press release from the meeting.

Key messages from the latest assessment of risks

It is still the assessment of the Council that risks are building up in the Danish financial system and that the conditions exist for a further build-up of risks. The Council expects to recommend a further increase of the countercyclical capital buffer rate by 0.5 percentage point to 2.5 per cent in the 1st quarter of 2020 unless the risk build-up in the financial system slows down considerably.

Monitoring systemic risks

METHODOLOGY FOR MONITORING SYSTEMIC RISKS

Identifying systemic risks is complex. Future crises will probably be different from past crises, but no doubt certain characteristics will be the same, such as excessive credit growth. For example, it may be particularly relevant to look at the building up of risks in areas which have only recently been regulated as a result of the financial crisis, e.g. capital and hedge funds, as well as areas which have not yet been closely regulated, such as the shadow banking system, which resembles investment or banking activities, but which is not carried out by regulated credit institutions. In its monitoring of systemic financial risks, the Systemic Risk Council may look at how risks build up over time and across sectors.

The Systemic Council monitors the build-up of systemic risks from different angles in six monitoring blocks. Within each block, it is assessed whether underlying forces may be contributing to systemic risks building up. 

The Council has specific methods for monitoring risks relevant applying the countercyclical capital buffer and the related to mortgages. On these two topics, the Council regularly publishes a subset of the information basis, on which the discussion of the Council relies.